Before and religion could simply be seen as

Before we begin moving forward within this paper, there are some key words/terminology that is needed to be known. The ancient culture of Greece contributed to the world’s history, because they were influenced in different ways through the creation of their religion and mythology. For example, many people get the words mythology and religion mixed up, believing that they both have the same meaning. The definition of mythology is a collection of myths, especially one belonging to a particular religious or cultural tradition. A common word that could be used in the place of the word mythology would be legends or stories that are made up from people of that culture. Furthermore, the definition of the word religion can be seen as the belief and worship of a superhero or superhuman controlling power. An example of this can be seen as God or gods. Some synonyms for this word that can replace the word religion would either be faith or belief. The main difference between the two words mythology and religion could simply be seen as man made stories that are told and a belief that requires worship. Greece’s time period began in the dark age which was 1100 BC. They can be thought to be the culture that set the foundation for the western civilization. The Greek culture was an effective impact to the Roman Empire, as well as towards the advancements of the western culture. The Ancient Greeks progress has been to a great degree compelling through dialect, governmental issues, instructive frameworks, logic, and most discernibly the engineering of the cutting edge world. Architectural buildings, languages, philosophy, and politics of the modern world can be traced back to the well known Ancient Greek civilization. Ultimately the background/history of Greece can be seen through four different time periods the dark age, heroic age, colonization age, and also the archaic age . Throughout these several time periods we can reflect on how much their believes in their religion and myths influenced them on the daily basis. Citizens of Greece were influenced through their religion which caused them to partake in certain practices. One of these practices consisted of a series of ceremonies or rituals in most cases they would be performed at altars . These rituals were usually done to worship one particular god or goddess statue of a particular power. Afterwards, a votive deposit would be left at the altar such as food, drinks, or even special ornaments. Furthermore, due to how much power Greeks believed the gods had they hoped that by sending up burnt offerings and praying to the gods that in return the god or gods would end the hardships that the that the individual was currently enduring at the time. Burnt offerings can simply be defined as an animal sacrifice. The sacrifices were usually located at the altars and were meant to catch the gods attention through the burning scent that that particular animal gave off. Normally only certain parts of the animal were burnt/sacrificed while the rest of the animal was eaten by the worshipers.Citizens of Greece were also influence through their wide span belief of Greek mythology which caused them to retell myths in different ways and forms. Greek mythology consisted of a large span of Greek myths/stories that explained how the gods interacted with the humans. Most of these myths were surrounded around the idea of heros and they’re different encounters and or missions that they had to complete while on Earth. The most well-known examples of myths can be seen through the story of Hercules, and his twelve labors, Odysseus and  his voyage home, Jason and the quest for the golden fleece, and even Theseus and the minotaur. Many, many, many folklore creatures existed through Greek mythology. One example of a fictional creature  within mythology was known as the cyclops which was a giant monster who had only one eye. In most cases, these myths were told in two different ways. One of those ways was simply orally. Unfortunately, even in today’s times stories or legends that are passed down from generation to generation orally, loose key information within it and soon begins to become forgotten. However, due to the Greeks being a literary society we have another more conventional way of the stories from thousands of years ago to be told. Although initially it was told orally it was shared more effectively by getting written down in forms of epic poetry, such as the Iliad and the Odyssey. Throughout the history of Greece in the beginning stages were two epic poems, which were extremely important to the culture of Greece. The first epic poem was named the Iliad which was written by the poet Homer. He writes about the significant events that took place during the final weeks of the Trojan war, and the Greeks take over of the city of Troy. The Iliad is well-known for it’s detailed description of the Trojan war and it’s interesting imagery of the bloody battle. In continuation, Homer wrote a second book called the Odyssey which was a continuation of the Iliad. Ten years after the Trojan war Odyssey is struggling to return to home afterwards. In the meantime he battles mythical creatures, and faces the wrath of the gods. While this is taking place his wife and son must fight off male lovers who are seeking his wife’s hand in marriage. Homer’s epics represented a reminder of the Greeks cultural values, causing his poems to become the backbone of Greece’s history. Mythology influenced their culture by having children to memorize the lines of the Iliad and Odyssey by heart, and also recite it every four years. In conclusion, due to people thinking that the words religion and mythology have the same meaning in most cases they get used as synonyms for each other. After establishing the correct meaning of the words then, and only then can you receive a full understanding of the Greek culture. Through the creation of Ancient Greek religion and mythology they were influenced in different ways, causing them to become a major contributor to the world’s history.

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