Coming struggle for equality and political identity. Many

Coming out
of a great economic depression, the United States experienced tremendous growth
in the 1950s. This tremendous growth provided many with the opportunity to buy
more, pursue new music, develop as fashion icons, and make advances in
technology. It was also a time for political conflict. The war on communism
divided many American communities. The 1950s was also the start of the civil
right movement, which sought to bring those opportunities available to everyone
else to the minority community. On the heels of a world war, economic growth in
the United States provided new opportunities to many; but all of this was
undermined by a struggle for equality and political
identity.     

Many
historians use the word “Boom” to describe the growth of the 1950’s, baby boom
being the most popular. The record number of approximately 4 million babies born
each year in the 50’s. After the 6-year war people were eager to start a family
in the United States because the war was finally over and peace was finally
here. In many ways, they were
right. Between 1945 and 1960, the gross national product more than doubled,
growing from $200 billion to more than $500 billion. Much of this increase came
from government spending: The construction of interstate highways and schools,
the distribution of veterans’ benefits and most of all the increase in military
spending–on goods like airplanes and new technologies like computers–all
contributed to the decade’s economic growth. Rates of unemployment and
inflation were low, and wages were high. Middle-class people had more money to
spend than ever–and, because the variety and availability of consumer goods
expanded along with the economy, they also had more things to buy.

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