In continued to strive in order to reach

In the beginning of the novel, Jose Arcadio Buendia discovers ice from the gypsies and claims that “This is the greatest invention of our time” (Marquez 17). Jose Arcadio Buendia has a dream about a city surrounded by mirrors or ice. In the morning, he names the town Macondo and begins to build the city. Ice represents Macondo in its final stages of existence due to both of their translucent appearances and inescapable fates. Soon after its founding, Macondo becomes a town regularly and recurrently visited by recurring incidents that involve the generations of the Buendia family. Both Macondo and an ice cube can be described as mirrors in different senses of the world. The city of mirrors represents the town looking in on itself with no apparent change as the generation goes on. It is doomed to be reflected and destroyed because they could never learn from their mistakes. Despite being doomed to the destructive fate that was already predetermined, they continued to strive in order to reach the dream life filled with advancement and progression. By the end of the book, it states that Macondo was foreseen as the “city of mirrors (or mirages) would be wiped out by the wind and exiled from the memory of men at the precise moment ” (Marquez 417). Much like an ice cube that melts, Macondo also had a prophecy that could not be reversed in which the state of the town ended the same way it began. The natural fate of a town plagued with solitude had no second opportunity to live. The town of Macondo is a mirage because it ceases to exist and is removed from memory because the people are too busy keeping up with the demands of modernity.The future takes it shape based on the actions of the past. Throughout the novel, the ghost of Jose Arcadio Buendia is present in the Buendia’s house. This shows that the past in which he lived has become one with the present. In the beginning of the novel, everyone in Macondo believed that Jose Arcadio Buendia was insane due to his curiosity in the new inventions brought by the Melquiades and the gypsies. The Buendias were not convinced of the potentials in the inventions until generations later. However, for the inhabitants of Macondo, these inventions were both a blessing and a curse because they were uncertain of the limitations of reality. They were always struck between excitement and disappointment or doubt and revelation. “It was an intricate stew of truths and mirages that convulsed the ghost of José Arcadio Buendía with impatience and made him wander all through the house even in broad daylight” (Marquez 224). The ghost’s recurring appearance in the memories of the Buendias shows the haunting nature it has over their lives. The establishment of the train brought along new technological innovations including the telegraph and cinemas.  As the people became so caught up in the advancement of Macondo they did not realize that “In a town that had chafed under the tricks of the gypsies there was no future for those ambulatory acrobats of commerce who with equal effrontery offered a whistling kettle and a daily regime that would assure the salvation of the soul on the seventh day; but from those who let themselves be convinced out of fatigue and the ones who were always unwary, they reaped stupendous benefits” (Marquez 225).  Time in Macondo is not finite, but, rather, moves forward over and over again. In the cycle of life, you think about the way it was in the beginning towards the end of life. As Jose Arcadio Buendia ages, he becomes insane and starts to believe that time is just standing still and that the same day repeats itself. He says, “Look at the air, listen to the buzzing of the sun, the same as yesterday and the day before. Today is Monday too.” In a way, the future becomes as easy to recall as the past. Ursula, the matriarch of the family comments to her son, Colonel Buendia that time passes in his death cell. Many years after this conversation, the same words are reversely repeated between Ursula and her great-grandson, Jose Arcadio Segundo: “What did you expect?” he murmured. “Time passes.” “That’s how it goes,” Úrsula said, “but not so much.”  (Marquez 335).Instead of saying that time passes, she replies back by saying that time does not pass by as quickly. Her perception of time change due to her old age. Since Ursula was able to live through most of the generations of the Buendia family she is the first to become aware of this cycle and shudders at the realization. The people in Macondo did not progress with time, instead, they declined. Ursula notices that time in Macondo is not finite, but, rather, moves forward over and over again.

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