In identity which brought Canada into the international

In conclusion, during the twenties century, through the war efforts, peacekeeping
missions, and the domestic development, step by step, Canada earned its pride, recognition, and respect. Canada gained its national symbol, international
reputation, and its unique identity which brought Canada into the international
stage as a strong and independent nation.

After
WWII, Canada was no longer thought negligible due to our contribution in WWII.
Canada’s contribution was extraordinary, especially given its small population
(Colyer, Draper, Hoogeveen, & Cecillon, 2016, p. 372). Canada was never
under the impression of a powerful country, but gained influence on other
country. During 1945 to present we started to develop our identity a step
farther. Canada earned its identity on the international stage as peacekeeper,
created our own flag and brought home the Constitution and the Charter of
Rights and Freedoms. The contribution Canada made in the world wars is balanced
by Pearson’s achievements for peace. “Canadian Nobel Peace Prize laureate
Lester B. Pearson is considered to be the father of modern United Nations
Peacekeeping” (Wikipedia, 2014). Person developed the first large-scale
peacekeeping force in United Nation where he “pulled the world back from the
brink of war in the Middle East” (CBC, 2001). Canada is recognized upon by the
world for sending troops to various parts of the world in a peacekeeping role,
supporting the peacekeeping missions and participating in more missions then
any other country in the world. Canada had a strong role in making the United
Nations work as an international body for peace. Canada’s peacekeeping effort
is the source of national pride and providing Canada’s newfound identity, which
separate Canada from the other nations. During WWI and WWII Canada was fought
under the Red Ensign flag. The Red Ensign flag was designed with the British
flag in the left corner and the coat of arm in the middle. The idea that Canada
should have a flag of its own was first introduced by Mackenzie King and the
debate began. Are we a country with an identity that is separate from our
British roots and more diverse? Or, should we remain loyal to Great Britain
(Editor, 2014)? In 1960 The issue was raised again by Lester Pearson. “He saw
it as a way to promote national unity and a new identity that was inclusive of
all Canadians and not just those with British roots” (Editor, 2014). In 1965
the Canadian flag that we known today was formally presented for the first
time. During the ceremony Speaker of the Senate, the Honourable Maurice Bourget
said: “The flag is the symbol of the nation’s unity, for it, beyond any doubt,
represents all the citizens of Canada without distinction of race, language,
belief or opinion” (Government of Canada, n.d.). By
1967, Canada had its own national symbols, earned pride, respect, and
recognition and finally had all the elements of an independent nation. Canada
had all the power of an independent nation, with one exception: the power to
change on its own Constitution, which could only be done by the British
Parliament (Library and Archives Canada, 2017). On April 17, 1982,
Canada receiving the approval of the Britain for the last time, in Ottawa,
Queen Elizabeth II signed the Constitution Act. This gave Canada control over
its Constitution. The Constitution is the
supreme law of Canada, which laws, and protection of individual civil rights,
it also introduced rights and freedoms of all Canadians through The Charter of
Rights and Freedoms. “The constitution symbolizes Canada’s journey from colony
to independent nation” (Library and Archives Canada, 2017).

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Between
1920-1945, Canada’s development continued as it moved towards becoming more
inclusive and democratic. There was an expansion of political parties that
represented more Canadians, especially farmers and workers who lacked a strong
voice in government. Canada was going through the Great Depression and there
wasn’t much support from the government for its citizens. People become
frustrated with the existing political parties. They lost confidence in their
governments and were demanding change. As a result, new political parties
appeared. These parties included the Cooperative Commonwealth Federation (CCF),
the Social Credit Party, and the Union Nationale. The most important of these
was the CCF which proposed unemployment insurance, free medical care, family
allowances and old age pensions. Many of his ideas have been adopted in Canada.
The Co-operative Commonwealth Federation (CCF) Party later was renamed the New
Democratic Party in 1961. (Dumouchelle, 2012) Today this party has continued
the tradition of representing workers and farmers and making sure they have
proper working conditions, strong labour unions, social security and pensions.  With
the coming of World War II Canada was again a strong contributor to the war
effort for which it gained more international recognition. Its strong support
of the allied forces was evident in the Battle of Dieppe on the coast of
France. This was a disastrous battle. As the soldiers were attempting to land
on shore, they were shot down by German soldiers who were expecting for the
allied forces. Of the 6,100 troops, 5,000 were Canadian soldiers, many of whom
were killed, wounded, or captured. The sacrifice made by Canadian soldiers is
well remembered by the French people (Veterans Affairs Canada, 2005). “Today,
the town of Dieppe is filled with maple leaf flags and Canadian symbols, and
its seafront promenade holds a park and several memorials to the regiments that
came ashore in 1942” (Herd, 2013). The unfortunate loss of life at Dieppe
taught the allied forces lessons which they used for the future crucial battle
in France called D-Day. For instance they learned that the element of surprise
was essential (Colyer, Draper, Hoogeveen, & Cecillon, 2016, p. 299). This
was a battle they could not lose and by winning, it would end WWII. The
invasion was called “Operation Overlord” (Colyer, Draper, Hoogeveen, &
Cecillon, 2016, p. 299). The bravery of Canadian soldiers on D-Day was
evidenced by the fact they drove further into the country than any other Allied
division to liberate the French people (Keegan, 2004). Due to this, Canadian
helped to secured the crucial spot where the allies could continue fighting.
This decisive Allied victory brought an end to WWII. The lessons learned at
Dieppe were instrumental in saving countless lives on D-Day and ending the war
(Veterans Affairs Canada, 2005). Canada, through the sacrifice of their
soldiers, was recognized and celebrated on the world stage for their bravery
and courage.

 

The
period from 1900 to 1920, were critical developmental steps for the young
nation. At the onset of war, when Britain declared war on Germany, Canada
automatically followed its mother country Britain in fighting against The
Triple Alliance. Canadian soldiers made a huge contribution to the war effort.
The Battle of Vimy Ridge in 1917 was the most important battle for Canada.
“Today a 45m high monument sits on top of the ridge.  It is there to
honour all the brave Canadian soldiers that fought and died at Vimy Ridge”
(Rajkumar, 2012). Following the victory at Vimy Ridge, Canadian soldiers
continued fighting on the muddy battlefields in Belgium, at a battle known as
Passchendaele. “The sacrifice of Canadian soldiers in the battle is
commemorated by the Canadian Passchendaele Memorial…The Canadians who died in
the battle are buried and remembered at war cemeteries throughout the area”
(Foot, 2006). The Canadian victory at Passchendaele added to Canada’s growing
reputation. These achievement at Vimy Ridge and Passchendaele helped our
country to gain recognition and respect on the international stage, This esteem
helped earn us a separate signature on the Treaty of Versailles that formally
ended the First World War (Veterans Affairs Canada, 2017). Canada had arrived
on the world stage. Another important defining moment during this time was the
formation of the League of Indians. Indigenous Canadians were not recognized as
having equal rights to other Canadians and struggled to be recognized. The main
goal of the League of Indians was to improve living conditions of Indigenous
people and to protect their rights. Even though it did not accomplish
everything they had hoped for, it did inspire other political organizations
(Library and archives Canada, 2005). Those supporting equal rights of
Indigenous Canadians today can trace the beginning of the movement to the
League of Indians. By the end of WWI Canada had earned a national identity.
This was the start of Canada being recognized on the international stage.  And
at the same time the beginning of the recognition of a nation within the
nation, that of Indigenous Canadians.  

 

The
twentieth century was an important period in history for Canada because it
helped to shape Canada into an independent, modern, and multicultural country.
Prime Minister Wilfrid Laurier stated, “I think the twentieth century shall be
filed by Canada.” Canada progressed during the twentieth century through a
number of defining moments that earned it pride, recognition, and respect
shaping Canada into the strong, independent country that it is today. This
essay will explain how these defining moments thrust Canada into the world
stage.

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