Introduction They purchase the most expensive and latest

Introduction

With the advancement of Technology man
can master the world. Adolescents use their computer or tab or mobile phone. More
adolescents use mobile phones as it is handy and compact to carry and easily
accessible. Nowadays it has become a fashion to be connected with technology
especially in adolescent age due to peer pressure all the adolescence wants to
update with the use of technology. They discuss about their gadgets and create
a sense of belongingness within the Group.  

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Review
of Literature

Approximately 4 out of
5 adolescent mobile phone owners report sleeping with their phones in or near
their bed (Lenhart, 2012). The majority of adolescents text message after they
go to bed and many report keeping their phones under their pillows in order to
avoid missing important messages at night (Lenhart, Ling, Campbell, &
Purcell, 2010). The use of mobile phones during the night increases the odds of
being ‘very tired’ by two to four-fold the following day (Van den Bulck, 2007)
and there is some emerging evidence that the light emitted from the screens of
devices themselves could interfere sleep

With the advent of advanced technology, growing use of
mobile phones and other gadgets are considerably harming the younger
generation. Students are developing a strong connection with their mobile
phones, which is leading to a massive loss in their concentration and time
spent in studies. Parents and teachers usually face problem in combating the
distraction of students.

“Anything which is available, accessible, new, fast
and related to information and technology tends to attract a lot of people.
When children see their parents, family members and everybody in their
surroundings using cell phones, they adapt this as a natural phenomenon. Basically,
it is the sheer presence which leads to immediate inclination towards
technology,” says Dr Samir Parikh, a child Psychiatrist
Director, Fortis Hospital.

Here’s a list of negative effects caused to a student
with excessive use of mobile phones:

1. Lack of concentration

According to report published in the Daily Mail,
a new study claims that

Heavy internet and mobile
phone users are prone to lack of concentration and forgetthings
easily

This also affects their awareness
and eventually lead to passive mind

Moreover, this also leads
to weak focus and attention

2. Stress

Parents want to give all the facilities to their children
at a tender age so as to help them carve a perfect career path. They purchase
the most expensive and latest smartphone for their children for this, which in
itself is the origin of all the problems apparently.

Students generally have peer
pressure to maintain their image. Even if they do not want to buy an
expensive mobile phone, they will do it for their friend circle

Children get stressed
trying to maintain a proper communication level with parents,
teachers and friends on phone

3. Low grades

Use of technology has direct implication on education, be
it positive or negative. If a teacher is using technology in the classroom, it
will benefit a student. However, if a student chatting for long hours on phone,
it will definitely leave a negative impact on him/her.

According to a report published in the Guardian,
a research done by Louis-Philippe Beland and Richard Murphy, published by the
Centre for Economic Performance at the London School of Economics, says:
“Ill Communication: The Impact of Mobile Phones on Student
Performance” found that after schools banned mobile phones, the test
scores of students aged 16 improved by 6.4%. The economists reckon that this is
the “equivalent of adding five days to the school year”.

Despite knowing about education-related apps, kids spend
most of their time doing following activities:

Listening music
frequently

Playing mobile games

Chatting and calling
friends

Following social media

In short, excessive use of mobile phones is becoming a
distraction for students and is wasting their time. They are delved into the
virtual world to an extent that they forget all other important things

4. Lack of vision

Anxiety, stress and depression are some of the problems
faced by students due to 24-hour connection with friends and other people.
According to a study, students fail to set goals for themselves due a confused
state of mind.

What leads to a confused state of mind? Teenagers get
deep into a delirious state of mind once they start keeping their phone next to
them at all times.

They do not sleep
They constantly check
their phone
Despite sleeping, they
are not stress free

5. Cyber bullying

According to recent survey by Microsoft Corporation,
India ranks third on the highest rate of cyber bullying, after China and
Singapore. As many as 7,600 children between the age group of 8-17 years are
the victim of cyber bullying. 

“What is seen as cyber bullying can vary between
different cultures, and even among different individuals. In addition, cyber
bullying, as a term, is not recognised worldwide. To address this, the study
explored the issue by asking children about negative experiences they’ve had
online – from their point of view (being called mean names, being teased,
etc.). While such experiences may not be viewed as bullying by all who
experience it, these behaviors may be considered by some as having potentially
adverse effects,” noted the report.

Impacts of cyber bullying:

Rising student suicides

Increase of aggression in
students

Loss of self confidence

Depression

Increase in student drug
intake

Aims
and Objectives

·        
To find out the socio demographic profile of the
respondents

Research
Methodology

The researcher has used
Descriptive Design as the study describes the type of technology used and role
of social worker in preventing the children from Addiction. The researcher has
selected students from 10th,11th  & 12th std which constitute of
240 students .Hence the universe is 240.The researcher used disproportionate
Random sampling to select 60 students from the universe. Questionnaire was used
to collect data.

                                                            Table.1

        Distribution
of the respondent according to their age

S.no

Age

No.
of respondents(n=60)

Percentage

1

15-16

39

65

2

17-18

21

35

 

 

60

100

 

              The above table shows majority of
the respondents (65%) were in the age group of 15-16 years of age and more than
one third respondents (35%) were in the age group of 17& 18 years

TABLE – 2

Distribution of the
respondent according to their gender

S.no

Gender
 

No.
Of respondents (n=60)

Percentage

1

Female

31

52

2

Male

29

48

 

The
above table shows more than half of respondents (52%) were female and less than
half of the respondents (48%) were males.

TABLE – 3

Distribution of the
respondents according to their class studying

S.no

Class
studying

No.
of. respondents(n=60)

Percentage

1

10TH

20

33.3

2

11TH

20

33.3

3

12TH

20

33.3

 

 

60

100

 

The
above table shows one third of the respondents (33.3%)  were studying 10th standard, one
third of the respondents (33.3%) were studying 11th standard, and
more than one fourth of the respondents (33.3) were studying  12th standard.

TABLE – 4

    Distribution
of the respondents based on the purpose of usage of Technology

 
S.no

Purpose

No of respondents
(n=60)

Percentage

1

Knowledge

20

33.3

2

Entertainment

40

66.7

 

 

60

100

 

   The above table shows that majority of the
respondents (66.7%) use technology for entertainment and one third of the
respondents (33.3%) use technology for to gain knowledge. 

TABLE
– 5

Distribution
of respondents based on their non-usage of gadgets for one day

S.no

Without
using gadgets for one day

No.
Of. Respondents (n=60)

Percentage%

1

Yes

38

63.3

2

No

22

36.7

 

 

60

100

 

The
above table shows that majority of the respondents (63.3%) can be without using
gadgets  for one day and more than one
third of the respondents (36.7%) were not willing to stay away from gadgets for
one day which shows that they may have been addicted to it.

TABLE
– 6

Distribution
of respondents according to usage of phone at  night

Sl.no

Use
of mobile at night

No.of.
respondents (n=60)

Percentage

1

Yes

39

65

2

No

21

35

 

 

60

100

 

The
above table shows that more than half of the respondents (65%)  check messages  at night and one third of the respondents
(35%) do not check  messages at  night.    

 

                                                                     Table-7

Association
between age and  use of technology

 
S.NO

Frequent
use in media

Correlation
value

Statistical
inference

1
 

Age

0.101

P>0.05
Not significant

 

TABLE-8

Association
between age and without media for a day

 
S.NO

Without media for a day

Correlation
value

Statistical
inference

1
 

Age

0.096

P>0.05
Not significant

Social
work Intervention

Technology Addiction has become one of the major problem
in this Century. There  is a need for
social work intervention which will enable the adolescence to perform a better
social role. With the Advent of Technology the problems due to usage are on a
increased rate than the benefits of usage. Adolescent is a age of fun and
frolic. Every child when it enters the adolescent age it has the curiosity to
use the technology, to become updated to be part of the Gang. The child
develops inferiority complex when parents neglects to provide Gadgets. The
fantasy life starts with the gadgets. The child develops purpose to use the
gadgets based on Age. In the adolescent age the child starts to hid their interest.
They does not want their parents to now what they are doing. There starts the
gap between the parents and their children. Adolescents use the gadgets to play
video games, to see pornography, to connect with friends through whatsapp,
Hike, Face book, Twitter

            The
constant use of technology develops an obsession. They are curious to respond
to messages and to know the responses. They react to the messages. The mood of
the messages is been conveyed to the environment. The adolescence may develop
unwanted contacts through the networking. When parents and elders does not
protect the child then it may end up in any kind of behavioural change like
involving in antisocial activities. The parents should have constant
supervision on the child using gadgets. This will help the child to have a
control on their children.

 

Role of social worker

v  School social worker is still a dream. In case of appointment
of school social workers there might be a constant touch with the students
where students may be oriented about the ill effects of technology and
associated physical and psychological complications.

v  Parents should be oriented on monitoring of the children
and also probing on the activities of the children

v  Motivating the adolescents to find out their interest and
to involve in any extracurricular activities to substitute Gadgets.

v  In school the teachers has to monitor the academic
progress

x

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